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Explaining Drug Addiction

Drug dependence is a chronic disease sickness portrayed by neurotic or irrepressible drug craving plus use in spite of destructive results and alterations in the brain, which can be long term. These alterations in the brain can cause dangerous behaviour in a person who uses drugs. Substance dependency is also a relapsing illness. Relapse is the reoccurrence to drug use after an endeavour to stop.


The road to substance dependency starts with voluntarily using substances. However, as time passes, an individual's ability to decide not to use drugs weakens. The need to obtain and consume the drug becomes a driving force. This is generally because of the impacts of long haul drug exposure on brain work. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.

The workings of the human brain, coupled with human behaviour are altered by addiction.


Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?

It could, but through a complicated process. It is not possible for people to overcome drug addiction simply by abstaining from drug use for some days, because drug addiction is chronic. Most users require repeated or long-term care to quit using it altogether and get their lives back.


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Enslavement treatment must help the individual to the accompanying

  • Stopping to require using the drug
  • abstain from drugs
  • Resuming their responsibilities at home, workplace and community

Principles Behind Effective Treatment

In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program

  • Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
  • There is no one treatment that will work for everyone.
  • Treatment should be made available to people whenever they need it.
  • Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
  • Going through with the programme is essential.
  • Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
  • A crucial part of treatment is medication, particularly when combined with behavioural therapy.
  • Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
  • Treatment should deal with other potential mental disorders.
  • The cleansing administered by medical personnel is the beginning step of the journey.
  • For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
  • During treatments, the use of drugs by the patient must be properly observed.
  • Patients in treatment should be tested for a variety of infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, and tuberculosis and also receive education about how to reduce the risk of getting thee illnesses.

How Is Drug Addiction Treated?

Effective treatment consists of several steps

  • detox (the process when the body cleanses itself of a substance)
  • behavioural counselling
  • treatment (for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction)
  • assessment and treatment for co-happening psychological well-being issues, for example, depression and anxiety
  • Avoiding relapse by providing long term follow up care

A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.


During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. Often, community or family based recovery groups or support systems are used as part of follow up care.


How Drug Addiction Treatment Incorporates Medications?

Meds can be utilized to oversee withdrawal manifestations, anticipate backslide and treat comorbid conditions.

  • Withdrawal During rehab, taking some prescription drugs assists in reducing withdrawal reactions. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. Those who stop at detox will most likely relapse into drug abuse again. The SAMHSA, 2014 study has shown that about 80% of detox programmes use prescription drugs.
  • Relapse Prevention A patient can make use of medication to assist in re-establishing normal brain function and reducing cravings. Medication is available for the treatment of tobacco (nicotine), alcohol and opioid (prescription pain relievers and heroin) dependency. Scientists are also currently developing additional medications to treat addiction to marijuana and stimulants, like cocaine and methamphetamines. Users of multi drugs to fully recover must be treated for each one.

Behavioural Therapies - How Are They Employed To Treat Drug Dependency?

Behavioural treatments aid patients

  • Change their mindset and conduct towards taking drugs
  • Upturn healthy life abilities
  • carry on with other kinds of treatment, like medication

Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.

Outpatient treatment is an option where a wide range of programs are available for patients who continue to visit behavioural health professionals regularly. The majority of the programmes incorporate group or one-to-one substance counselling or both these forms.


Other forms of behavioural therapy available in these program include

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy used to help the patient identify trigger circumstances where they are most vulnerable to taking the drugs and how to avoid them and move on to overcome the addiction
  • Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
  • Motivational interviewing, which takes full advantage of the patient's readiness to change and willingness to enter treatment
  • Motivational incentives that work by positively reinforcing like rewards to help the patient's urge for drugs reduce

Treatment is at times strenuous initially, where a patient attends many outpatient sessions weekly. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.


Residential/inpatient treatment can also be extremely successful, particularly for patients with more serious issues (including co-occurring conditions). A licensed inpatient treatment centre provides round-the-clock, structured and comprehensive care, that includes safe accommodation as well as medical attention. Inpatient treatment facilities can use many therapeutic approaches and are usually working toward assisting the patient after treatment to maintain a drug free, crime free lifestyle.


Cases of residential treatment settings include

  • Therapeutic communities which are exceedingly organised programs in which patients stay at a home, normally for 6 to 12 months. Everybody at the facility, whether caregivers or administrators and fellow patients play a role in the recovery of the patient helping them cope with the changes and challenges of withdrawal.
  • Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
  • Recovery housing, which is normally an aftermath of inpatient or residential treatment, and where patients are given limited term housing under an expert watch. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.

Problems Of Re-Admission

Drug misuse changes the capacity of the mind and numerous things can "trigger" drug longings inside the brain. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.