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Symptoms

The Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

A symptom is something the patient senses and depicts, while a sign is something other individuals, for example, the specialist take notice of. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.

Substance dependence is when someone is addicted to a something like drugs or alcohol and they are not able to control their use of the substance. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).


Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. It's possible that the addict wants to stop taking the substance but finds it really hard to do so on his or her own.


The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.

The clues and indicators of addiction could be that:

  • The individual uses the substance and does not have the power to stop - in several instances, like alcohol, nicotine or drug addiction, he/she at least once really tried to quit, but was unsuccessful.
  • Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
  • There may be abruptly increased craving. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. Constant vomiting and constipation may also occur in some situations. There may be seizures, hallucinations, sweats, trembling, and violence when certain substances are involved.
  • Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
  • Social as well as recreational sacrifices - a few exercises are surrendered due to a dependence on something. For instance, a heavy drinker may reject an invitation to go outdoors or spend a day out on a boat if no alcohol is accessible, a smoker may choose not to join up with companions in a sans smoke bar or eatery.
  • Keeping stock - Addicts always stock up on drugs to make sure they have a decent supply even if it costs more than they can afford. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
  • Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
  • Taking risks (2) - driving at a higher speed is one of the risks the addict may easily take when they have taken the substance.
  • Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
  • Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
  • Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
  • Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. Either they do not realise or outright deny they have a problem.
  • Overindulgence - With some substances like alcohol, some types of drugs and cigarettes, the addict may take too much at a go. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
  • Neglecting leisure and pastime activities - as the addiction takes its toll, the person might abandon activities that used to be important to him. This may even be the situation with smokers who discover they can't physically adapt to participating in their most loved game.
  • Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
  • Consuming a dose that is initially larger - this is typical with alcoholism. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
  • Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. The fact that this alters their judgment and makes them to choose things they would rather not choose in times of sobriety or the urge to access such substances may be the cause of this.
  • Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
  • Relationship troubles - drug and alcohol addictions can cause a lot of relationship problems.

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Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.